Bedah Ortopedi

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Bedah ortopedi adalah cabang ilmu kedokteran yang mempelajari tentang cedera akut, kronis, dan traumaserta gangguan lain sistem muskuloskeletal. Dokter bedah ortopedi menghadapi sebagian besar penyakit muskuloskeletal termasuk artritis, trauma dankongenital menggunakan peralatan bedah dan non-bedah.

Di Indonesia, dokter bedah ortopedi adalah dokter yang telah menyelesaikan pendidikan yang diajukan dalam bedah ortopedi setelah menjadi dokter umum maupun bedah umum. Dokter ini harus menyelesaikan 104 SKS dalam 9 semester pendidikan klinik. Dokter spesialis ini diberi gelar SpOT (spesialis ortopedi dan traumatologi) atau SpBO (spesialis bedah ortopedi).

Banyak dokter bedah ortopedi yang menjalani pelatihan subspesialis dalam program yang dikenal sebagai ‘fellowship’ (beasiswa) setelah menyelesaikan pendidikannya sebagai residen. Pelatihan fellowship dalam sebuah subspesialisasi ortopedi khususnya memakan waktu 1 (kadang-kadang 2) tahun dan biasanya memiliki komponenpenelitian yang terkait dengan pelatihan klinik dan operasi.

Beberapa contoh subspesialisasi ortopedi adalah:
1. Bedah tangan (juga dilakukan oleh dokter bedah plastik)
2. Bedah bahu dan siku
3. Rekonstruksi sendi total (artroplasti)
4. Ortopedi anakBedah kaki dan pergelangan kaki (juga dilakukan oleh podiatri)
5. Bedah tulang belakang (juga dilakukan oleh dokter bedah saraf)
6. Onkologi muskuloskeletal
7. Bedah kedokteran olahraga
8. Trauma ortopedi

Juga ada 9 wilayah subspesialisasi bedah ortopedi.

Dokter bedah ortopedi menghadapi sebagian besar penyakit muskuloskeletal ringan seperti artritis, trauma dan cacat bawaan menggunakan peralatan bedah dan non-bedah.

25 prosedur paling umum yang dilakukan oleh dokter bedah ortopedi adalah sebagai berikut:

Artroskopi lutut dan menisektomi
Artroskopi bahu dan dekompresi
Pembebasan terowongan tulang pergelangan tangan
Artroskopi lutut dan kondroplasti
Penyingkiran implan pendukung
Artroskopi lutut dan rekonstruksi ligamentum cruciatum anterius
Penggantian lutut
Perbaikan fraktur collum femoralis
Perbaikan fraktur trochanterica
Debridement kulit/otot/tulang/fraktur
Perbaikan artroskopi lutut untuk kedua menisci
Penggantian pinggul
Artroskopi bahu/eksisi tulang selangka distal
Perbaikan tendo manset rotatorPerbaikan fraktur radius (tulang)/ulna
Laminektomi
Perbaikan fraktur pergelangan kaki (jenis bimalleolus)
Artroskopi dan débridement bahu
Fusi spinal lumbar
Perbaikan fraktur bagian distal radius
Pembedahan discus intervertebalis belakang bawah
Insisi selubung tendon jari
Perbaikan fraktur pergelangan tangan (fibula)
Perbaikan patah tangkai paha femoral
Perbaikan patah trochanterica

Kasus umum yang dihadapi dokter ortopedi

Biomechanics

Immune Response to Implants
Metallic Alloys

Elbow

Coronoid Fracture
Elbow Arthrocentesis
Elbow Collateral Ligaments
Elbow Dislocation in Emergency Medicine
Floating Elbow
Joint Reduction, Elbow Dislocation, Posterior
Lateral Epicondylitis Surgery
Lateral Humeral Condyle Fracture
Medial Humeral Condyle Fracture
Monteggia Fracture
Olecranon Bursa Aspiration
Olecranon Fractures
Posterior Elbow Splinting
Surgery for Medial Epicondylitis
Ulnar Gutter Splinting

Foot And Ankle

Acquired Flatfoot
Ankle Arthrocentesis
Ankle Dislocation in Emergency Medicine
Ankle Dislocation Reduction
Ankle Splinting
Bunion
Bunionette
Calcaneus Fractures
Charcot Arthropathy
Charcot-Marie-Tooth and Other Hereditary Motor and Sensory Neuropathies
Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease
Clavus
Claw Toe
Clubfoot
Corns
Fifth-Toe Deformities
Foot Dislocation
Foot Drop
Foot Infections
Freiberg Disease
Hallux Rigidus
Hallux Valgus
Hallux Varus
Hammertoe Deformity
Intractable Plantar Keratosis
Kohler Disease
Lisfranc Fracture Dislocation
Mallet ToeNerve Entrapment Syndromes of the Lower Extremity
Osteochondral Lesions of the Talus
Peroneal MononeuropathyPeroneal Tendon Pathology
Pes CavusPes Planus
Pilon Fractures
Plantar Heel Pain
Sever Disease
Surgery for Morton Neuroma
Surgical Interventions in Ankle Sprain
Tarsal CoalitionTarsal Tunnel Syndrome
Tillaux Fracture
Toe WalkingTriple ArthrodesisTurf Toe

Hand And Upper Extremity

Bennett Fracture
Bicipital Tendon Injuries
Boutonniere Deformity
Capitellar Fracture
Carpal Fractures
Carpal Ligament Instability
Carpal Tunnel Steroid Injection
De Quervain Tenosynovitis
Distal Fractures of the Radius
Distal Humerus Fractures
Distal-Third Forearm Fractures
Emergent Management of Hand Dislocation
Finger Dislocation Joint Reduction
Fingertip Injuries
Flexor Tendon Anatomy
Flexor Tenolysis
Forearm Fractures
Galeazzi Fracture
Ganglion Cyst
Ganglions
High-Pressure Hand Injury
High-Pressure Injection Injuries
Intrinsic Hand Deformity
Intrinsic Plus HandKienbock Disease
Knuckle Pads
Mallet FingerMalunion of Hand Fracture
Mannerfelt Syndrome
Median Nerve Entrapment
Metacarpal Fractures
Middle Third Forearm Fractures
Midshaft Humerus Fractures
Nail Pathology
Orthopedic Surgery for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
Orthopedic Surgery for Flexor Tendon Lacerations
Orthopedic Surgery for Gamekeeper’s Thumb
Orthopedic Surgery for Hand Infections
Perilunate Fracture Dislocations
Phalangeal Fracture Surgery
Posterior Long Arm Splinting
Radial Clubhand
Radial Head Dislocation Joint Reduction
Radial Head Fractures
Radial Head Subluxation Joint Reduction
Radial Nerve Entrapment
Radial-Ulnar Synostosis
Rolando Fracture
Scapholunate Advanced Collapse

Soft Tissue Hand Injury

Sprengel Deformity
Stener Lesion
Sugar-Tong Forearm Splinting
Surgery for Dupuytren Contracture
Syndactyly
Tenosynovitis
Thumb Dislocation Joint Reduction
Thumb Spica Splinting
Triangular Fibrocartilage Complex Injuries
Triceps Tendon Avulsion
Trigger Finger
Ulnar Clubhand
Ulnar Neuropathy
Ulnar-Sided Wrist Pain
Upper Extremity Occlusive Disease
Vascular Occlusive Syndromes of the Upper Extremity
Vaughan-Jackson Syndrome
Volar Splinting
Wrist Arthrocentesis
Wrist Arthrodesis
Wrist Arthroscopy

Hip

Acetabular Wear in Total Hip Arthroplasty
Acetabulum Fractures
Arthroplasty-Associated Infections
Ceramic Bearings in Total Joint Arthroplasty
Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip
Diaphyseal Femur Fractures
Femoral Neck Stress and Insufficiency Fractures
Hip Dislocation in Emergency Medicine
Hip Resurfacing
Intertrochanteric Hip Fractures
Joint Reduction, Hip Dislocation, Posterior
Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease
Meralgia Paresthetica
Pediatric Femur FracturesPelvic Fractures
Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency
Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis Surgery
Subtrochanteric Hip Fractures
Surgery for Meralgia Paresthetica
Unstable Pelvic Fractures

 
Knee

Anterior Cruciate Ligament Pathology
Blount Disease
Complications of Total Knee Arthroplasty
Diaphyseal Tibial Fractures
Discoid Meniscus
Fibular Hemimelia
Floating KneeIliotibial Band Friction Syndrome
Intercondylar Eminence Fractures
Knee Arthrocentesis
Knee Dislocation
Knee Dislocation Surgery
Open Tibia Fractures
Patella Dislocation Joint Reduction
Patella Fractures
Patellar Tendon Rupture
Plica Syndrome
Posterior Cruciate Ligament Pathology
Quadriceps Tendon Rupture
Soft Tissue Knee Injury
Subacute Osteomyelitis (Brodie Abscess)Tibial BowingTibial NonunionsTibial Plateau Fractures
Tibial Shaft Fractures
Tibial TorsionTibial Tubercle Avulsion
Tibial Tubercle Fracture

Neoplasms

Acquired Digital Fibrokeratoma
Aneurysmal Bone CystBenign and Malignant Soft Tissue Tumors
Chondroblastoma
Chondroma
Chondromyxoid Fibroma
Chondrosarcoma
Diastrophic Dysplasia
Dysplasia Epiphysealis Hemimelica
Fibrosarcoma
Fibrous Cortical Defect
Giant Cell TumorGiant Cell Tumor of the Tendon Sheath
Hamartoma
Histology of Bone
Juxtacortical Tumors
Lipofibromatous HamartomaLow Grade Cartilage Tumors
4Low-Grade Central OsteosarcomaMalignant LymphomaMetastatic Bone DiseaseMucous CystNeurilemmomaOrthopedic Surgery for Fibrous Dysplasia
Orthopedic Surgery for Glomus Tumor
Orthopedic Surgery for Hemangioma
Osteoblastoma
Osteochondroses
Osteofibrous Dysplasia
Osteogenesis Imperfecta
Osteoid Osteoma
Osteosarcoma
Parosteal Osteosarcoma
Postradiation Sarcoma
Solitary Fibrous Tumor
Solitary Osteochondroma
Synovial Cell Sarcoma
Synovial Chondromatosis
Telangiectatic OsteosarcomaTraumatic Heterotopic Ossification
Unicameral Bone Cyst

 

Pediatrics

Achondroplasia
Atlantoaxial Instability in Down Syndrome
Cerebral Palsy
CHILD Syndrome
Congenital Coxa Vara
Congenital Muscular Dystrophy
Congenital Myopathies
Congenital Pseudoarthrosis of the Clavicle
Congenital Spinal Deformity
Congenital Vertical Talus
Emery-Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy
Facioscapulohumeral Dystrophy
Growth Plate (Physeal) Fractures
Infantile Cortical Hyperostosis
Infantile Scoliosis
Limping Child
Madelung Deformity
Marfan Syndrome
Mucopolysaccharidosis
Multiple Epiphyseal Dysplasia
Muscular Dystrophy
Nursemaid Elbow
Obstetrical Brachial Plexus Injuries
Orthopedic Manifestations of Neurofibromatosis Type 1
Pediatric Ankle Valgus
Pediatric Fixed Knee Flexion Deformities
Pediatric Genu Valgum
Pediatric Genu Varum
Pediatric Limp
Pelvic Osteotomies
Poliomyelitis
Polydactyly of the Foot